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Portafolio.co - Agroindustria

Ceden los precios de todos los tipos de cafés

Feb 18 2016
En el 2015 las caídas fueron de entre el 2 y el 5,8 por ciento.

El mercado del café llegó en enero al nivel más bajo en dos años, debido principalmente al descenso de los precios del robusta, informó Robério Oliveira Silva, director de la Organización Internacional del Café (OIC).

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Gremio cafetero pagará por todas las pasillas del café

Feb 16 2016
La medida se tomó para hacer frente al fenómeno de ‘El Niño’ y proteger los ingresos de los caficultores.

Como una medida para aliviar el impacto económico del fenómeno de ‘El Niño’ para los productores, desde este martes la Federación Nacional de Cafeteros pagará el total de la pasilla.

Para cumplirlo, el gremio cafetero publicará diariamente el precio de referencia de la pasilla.

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Por cuenta de TLC entrarán 65.972 toneladas de arroz

Feb 15 2016
Las utilidades que genera este negocio comercial están destinándose a la modernización y competitividad del sector.

Un total de 65.972 toneladas de arroz entrarán durante este primer semestre, como resultado de la subasta que da el derecho a importar a Colombia este cereal estadounidense, con cero arancel.

Se sabe que entre abril y junio hay una relativa baja oferta del cereal que se cosecha en el país, por lo que este volumen entra a suplir la posible escasez que llegue a presentarse.

Por otra parte, evita que esta llegue para la cosecha nacional del grano, que empieza a recogerse en el mes de julio.

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The Economist: The Americas

A Brazilian city thought it had herd immunity. It was wrong

Jan 21 2021

IN SEPTEMBER A preprint appeared online with the startling results from a study of covid-19 antibodies in blood-bank samples from Manaus, a city of 2m people in the Brazilian Amazon: 66% of residents may have been infected, it said. The paper, which would later appear in Science, estimating an infection rate of 76%, seemed to confirm local rumours that Manaus had reached “herd immunity”. In April it was the first Brazilian city to dig mass graves. By June burials were back to pre-pandemic levels.

“Herd immunity played a significant role” in controlling the virus, argued the preprint, entitled “Covid-19 herd immunity in the Brazilian Amazon”. One of its authors, Ester Sabino of the University of São Paulo, now regrets the title. “We didn’t think there would be a second wave,” she says.

There is. On January 15th hospitals in Manaus ran out of oxygen. At least 51 patients died before army jets brought more. People who could bought oxygen to treat relatives at home. A hospital stationed police to turn patients away.

The reasons for the spike in Manaus are unclear. Perhaps a new variant—identified in 42% of samples collected in December—is more contagious. It could be that existing antibodies offer less protection against the variant, and that some cases are reinfections.

It could be...

The pandemic has exposed a crisis in Canada’s care homes

Jan 21 2021

IN LATE DECEMBER the Tendercare Living Centre in Toronto became the site of an angry demonstration. Forty-eight of the home’s 200-odd residents had died from covid-19. Survivors’ relatives gathered to demand that it employ more staff. A doctor said the home had mixed infected with uninfected residents and had too little oxygen to treat the sick. She described it as a war zone. A hospital took over its management. By mid-January, 74 residents had died.

The toll at Tendercare Living was an extreme example of a widespread problem. Deaths in Canada from covid-19 are about half those in the European Union as a share of population. Nearly three-quarters of the 14,000 Canadian deaths to mid-December took place in care homes. A study by the Canadian Institute for Health Information found that deaths in Canadian long-term care homes by late May were 25% higher than the average among 17 members of the OECD, a rich-country club, as a share of their populations. On December 31st the Toronto Star, Canada’s largest-circulation newspaper, published an editorial that took up the full front page decrying needless death in the long-term care system. It is “as if we have allowed [old people] to be put into coffins and buried alive before our very eyes”, the newspaper wrote.

The crisis may soon subside. In Ontario,...

Why Ford is leaving Brazil

Jan 14 2021

IN 1928 HENRY FORD built a factory in the Amazon rainforest. He planned to grow rubber trees, make tyres and teach Brazilians Utopian ideals at a Midwest-style company town called Fordlândia. It lasted 17 years. Pests killed the trees and vice doomed the town. But car culture thrived in Brazil. Ford stayed, its profits fattened by industry-promoting subsidies from the government.

On January 11th Ford Brasil said that it will close its factories, laying off 5,000 workers. Although the decision is partly a result of Ford’s global woes, it also shows the weakness of Brazilian manufacturing. “It’s a blow to Brazil’s notion of being a modern nation,” says Joel Wolfe, the author of “Autos and Progress: The Brazilian Search for Modernity”.

In the 1950s Juscelino Kubitschek, a statist president, built thousands of miles of motorway. Military dictators in the 1970s built roads in the Amazon, filling the jungle with settlers to fend off foreign influence. Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, who as a child left the poor north-east in the bed of a pickup and later worked in a car factory in São Paulo and led a trade union, became president in 2003. Tax breaks worth billions of dollars in the 2000s brought more carmakers, which supplied a growing middle class. Its members included autoworkers who “put their kids in private school”, says an...